Preservice teachers’ perceptions of feedback: The importance of timing, purpose, and delivery


  • Christina L Wilcoxen University of Nebraska, United States of America
  • Jennifer Lemke University of Nebraska, United States of America


Preservice teaching, feedback literacy, assessment, teacher preparation


If the purpose of feedback is to reduce the discrepancy between the established goal and what is recognized, then how can this discrepancy be minimized through support and guidance? Feedback is instrumental to a preservice teacher development during their teacher preparation program. This qualitative study examines 31 first year teachers’ previous experiences with feedback during their undergraduate practicums. The two research questions addressed: What can be learned from PSTs’ perceptions of feedback practices utilized in teacher preparation programs? and What modifications or adaptations can be made to current feedback practices and structures in teacher preparation programs to enhance teacher efficacy and classroom readiness? Semi structured interviews provided a comparison of qualitative data and an opportunity for open ended questioning. Using descriptive analysis, researchers discovered that current feedback loops and structures can inhibit pre-service teachers’ ability to make meaning from the information and move their learning and instruction forward. As teacher preparation programs work to establish more dialogic approaches to feedback that provide pre-service teachers with multiple opportunities to reflect individually and collaboratively with university faculty, timing, purpose, and delivery are important components to consider. Although this article is written based on preservice teacher perceptions, the implications pertain to multiple fields and authors share a universal framework for feedback.


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How to Cite

Preservice teachers’ perceptions of feedback: The importance of timing, purpose, and delivery. (2021). Journal of University Teaching and Learning Practice, 18(8).