Peer review in academic publishing: Challenges in achieving the gold standard


  • Prue Gonzalez Charles Sturt University, Australia
  • Gail S Wilson Southern Cross University, Australia
  • Alison J Purvis Sheffield Hallam University, United Kingdom


peer review, quality, publishing, journals, peer evaluation


This editorial describes some of the current and emerging challenges in peer review for the academic publishing system. Peer review is a fundamental element of academic research and publishing, with a firm reliance on the global scholarly community to perform gatekeeping and filtering processes in pursuing high-quality and high-value scholarly publications: the “gold standard” in academic publishing. We begin with examples of several contemporary challenges the peer review system poses, including impartiality and bias, academic reward structures, fake peer reviews, and reviewer fatigue. To further understand these challenges, we then provide a brief history of the evolution of the peer review system, focusing on the traditional forms of pre-publication peer review so familiar to the communication of scholarly work. Against this backdrop, we consider the benefits of peer review that span the continuum of the academic community – from authors to reviewers to journals and research communities. But many traditional forms of peer review are being challenged by new and innovative processes, systems and platforms. Finally, we look at how others have re-envisioned the peer review process during this phase of rapid evolution in journal publishing, with a strong call for quality and integrity in writing peer reviews. We conclude by suggesting ways forward for embedding sustainability, equity, and respect within the peer review process as an active force for advancing scholarship.


Download data is not yet available.







How to Cite

Peer review in academic publishing: Challenges in achieving the gold standard. (2022). Journal of University Teaching and Learning Practice, 19(5).